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This page last revised 23 August 2006 -- S.M.Gon III
TNC Action Sites
Maps & Figures
The highest alpine system areas are nival aeolian habitats with winter snow.
The Alpine System in Hawai‘i includes nival aeolian desert
at the summit of the highest volcanoes (>9000 ft elev).
The Alpine System on Hawai‘i Island(red areas above) occurs in four conservation areas (Mauna Kea, Ka‘ū-Kapāpala, Kona,
and Pōhakuloa-Pu‘u Wa‘awa‘a) at >9000 ft elev.
The Alpine System on Maui (red area above) occurs in the East Maui conservation area at the summit of Haleakalā >9000 ft elev.