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Hawaiian High Islands Ecoregion
This page last revised 30 August 2006 -- S.M.Gon III

Conservation Targets
TNC Action Sites


Maps & Figures
CPT Database

Hawaiian Islands from space
The West Maui Mountains are older and more deeply eroded than the East Maui volcano.

Endemic forest birds such as this ‘ākohekohe are concentrated on windward Haleakalā.

Pepeopae bog
The silverswords of the West Maui bogs flourish near Eke crater.
Portions of the East Maui Watershed have been rendered ungulate-free, and show significant recovery of native vegetation.

Maui Strategies

1998 ERP Strategic Summary

The 1998 ERP summarized strategies for thespecific needs of each ofthe conservation areas defined by the large native landscapes ofeach major island. The directives established then have largely beenrealized and continue to evolve. In 1998, the Maui Program, along with Moloka‘i themost mature in the state, was comprised of three preserves (Waikamoi, Kapunakea, and Maui Lava Tubes). The ERP recommended thefollowing for Maui::

  • Our expectation is that a West MauiWatershed Partnership will be established which will match the effectiveness ofthe East Maui partnership in pooling expertise and fundraising to generatemajor new stewardship impact and political support on the island.  
  • The East Mauipartnership should be expanded to include leeward native areas in Kahikinui andPolipoli. 
  • The island-wide, multi-agencyprogram to prevent new pests from arriving via traveler education and improvedquarantine inspections, and to detect and contain or eradicate new infestationsbefore they become widespread is an essential strategy, and a model for thestate. 
  • TNC believes Maui is alsoan excellent place to link biodiversity conservation more fully with the nativeHawaiian community, in preparation for the expanding role that native peoplewill play as stewards of conservation lands in the future as ceded lands andother sovereignty issues are settled.

 lehua blossom

2006 Strategic Update

By the end of 2005, both The East Maui Watershed Partnership (est. 1991) and West Maui Mountains Watershed Partnership (est. 1998) were implementing their management plans, which calls for major fencing andungulate control projects according to management planning priorities. The Leeward Haleakalā Watershed Restoration Partnership (2003) was formed, expanding conservation and restoration efforts to the leeward native areas of the East Maui Conservation Area

In 2002 the Maui InvasiveSpecies Committee (MISC),grew out of the Maui-based  Melastome Action Committee, to dealwith prevention and early treatment of incipient pest species (such as Miconia). A close relationship of MISC staffwith the TNC Maui Office has maximized alignment of our alienspecies prevention goals and actions.

The Maui Program continues to manage Kapunakea Preserve (1,264 acres) as part of the West Maui Conservation AreaWaikamoi Preserve(5,230 acres) in East Maui (Haleakalā), and The Maui Lava Tube Preserve(location and other details protected) in addition to being activeparticipants in the partnerships described above.

Largely through the watershed partnerships, our efforts onMaui have resulted in some of the largest strides toward renderinglarge areas ungulate-free. Current plans are to pursue this leadershipfurther, rendering new regions ungulate-free and exploring moreeffective ungulate control and preventation measures on Maui.

Clermontia samuelii, East Maui endemic
Clermontia samuelii is an endemic Hawaiian lobelioid from the Montane Wet Ecological System; Hāna District, East Maui Conservation Area.